Prime ministers (see also 'Politicians')
- Arthur Balfour (1848-1930): A Skilled Politician Managaing the Emergence of Japan as a Great Power
- Edward Heath (1916-2005) and Japan: The First Visit of a British Prime Minister to Japan in 1972
- Fukuda Takeo (1905-1995): Japanese Prime Minister who Spent Three Years in London
- Itō Hirobumi in Britain
- Lord Salisbury (1830-1903)
- Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013): Pragmatist Who Radically Improved Britain's Image in Japan and Successfully Promoted Japanese Manufacturing Investment in Britain
- Miyazawa Kiichi (1919-2007)
- Prime Minister Yoshida in London 1954: The First Visit to Britain by a Japanese Prime Minister
- Richard Storry
- Rt. Hon. Austen Chamberlain (1863-1937), Rt. Hon. Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940) and Japan, 1924-40
- Two Scientists in Japan
- Winston Churchill (1874-1965) and Japan
Author: Nish, Ian
As future Prime Minister Arthur Balfour (1848-1930) was emerging as a prominant politician, Japan was coming on to the international map. Balfour's career came to reflect this change in Japan's stature, as the country went from low to high priority in the eyes of the British Foreign Office.
Author: Cortazzi, Hugh
Edward Heath (1916-2005) was the first British Prime Minister to make an official visit to Japan. This essay details Heath's 1972 visit and its aftermath.
Author: Seki Eiji, and Hugh Cortazzi
Fukuda Takeo (1905-1995) was Prime Minister for two years from 1976 to 1978. He was an anglophile, having spent three years of his life in Britain, and one of the more pro-British post war Prime Ministers. This portrait lays out his life, political career and time in Britain.
Author: Cobbing, Andrew
Itō Hirobumi (1841-1909) was Japan's first cabinet prime minister, and this essay asseses the influence of his time as a student in Britain on his career in Imperial Japan.
Author: Otte, Thomas G.
Lord Salisbury (1830-1903) dominated British foreign policy for the better part of a quarter of a century at the close of the Victorian era, serving four times as Foreign Secretary and thrice Prime Minister. This essay sketches his attitudes towards Japan and analyses the emergence of Japan as a major power in the evolution of Anglo-Japanese relations.
Author: Cortazzi, Hugh
Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013) played a significant role in promoting Japanese manufacturing investment in Britain and opening up the Japanese markets, and ensured that Britain was no longer seen as suffering from what the Japanese called eikokubyō (the English disease).
Author: Stockwin, Arthur
This portrait presents the long political career of staunch internationalist Miyazawa Kiichi (1919-2007), who served in the National Diet from 1953 to 2003, and was appointed Prime Minister in 1991. This essay considers his brand of politics in relation to that prevailing in British politics at the time.
Author: Cortazzi, Hugh
Shortly before his resignation as Prime Minister in 1954 Yoshida Shigeru visited Britain. This essay examines the political controversy surrounding Yoshida's visit, as well as the visit itself and an assessment of its success.
Author: Storry, Richard
Richard Storry was in Japan teaching before the war, and afterwards was a research fellow in Oxford. This chapter details his 1958 visit to Japan to collect material on Prince Fumimaro Konoye, Japanese Prime Minister from 1937 to '39 and 1940 to '41. It also describes a visit made in 1973, at the height of the oil crisis.
Author: Best, Antony
Austin (1863-1937) and Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940) played an important role in British public life, and particularly in the formation of foreign policy. This essay investigates Japanese perceptions and interpretations of their careers.
Author: Bradley, Clive, and Bill Williamson
Bill Williamson did two separate tours as Atomic Energy Attaché at the British Embassy. His account of working with the Japanese government in the commissioning of the first nuclear power stations in Japan is a reminder of an important and often over-looked facet of Anglo-Japan relations. Clive Bradley meanwhile was Counsellor for Science and Technology in the British Embassy in the 1980s where he was responsible for reporting on scientific and technological developments and for promoting British science and technology.
Author: Seki Eiji
The politically active part of Sir Winston Churchill's (1874-1965) life almost coincided with the emergence, decline and rebirth of modern Japan. This essay details Churchill's part in Anglo-Japanese relations both pre and post Second World War.