Companies, British (see also 'Japanese companies')
- Army and Navy Officers in Japan
- British Export Efforts: Personal Reflections of a British Trade Official
- The British Export Marketing Centre and the Promotion of British Exports from 1972
- British Week in Tokyo, 1969
- Charles Holme (1848-1923), Founder of The Studio and Connoisseur of Japanese Art
- Course of the Nissan Negotiation 1980-84
- Sydney Giffard: 'Early Days in the Kansai'
- Ernest Cyril Comfort: The Other British Aviation Mission and Mitsubishi 1921-24
- Experiences of Some British Merchant Bankers in Japan
- How Some Politicians Saw Post-war Japan
- Honda Sōichirō (1906-1991) and Honda Motors in Britain
- In Proper Perspective: Sir Esler Dening (1897-1977) and Anglo-Japanese Relations
- Katō Hiroharu (1870-1939) and Japan's Last Foreign-built Cruiser
- Lord (Eric) Roll of Ipsden (1907-2005), S.G. Warburg and Shirasu Jirō
- Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013): Pragmatist Who Radically Improved Britain's Image in Japan and Successfully Promoted Japanese Manufacturing Investment in Britain
- British Businessmen in Japan: Some memories of the Shell Oil Company 1952-71
- Merrick Baker-Bates: From Diplomacy to Commerce and Back
- Mike Perry: Chairman of Unilever
- Nissan and the British Motor Vehicle Industry (Prior to the Nissan Investment in the UK in 1984)
- Nissan Investment in Britain: History of a Negotiation 1980-84
- Peter Parker: Global Advisor to Mitsubishi Electric
- Banking and Financial Services: A British Commercial Banker in Japan 1980-1985
- British Businessmen in Japan: Some Service Sectors
- British Businessmen in Japan: Developing Trade Relations
- Ron Duckenfield (1917-2010)
- Scotch Whisky in Japan
- Sir Esler Dening: Ambassador to Japan, 1951-57
- Sir Peter Parker (1924-2002) and Japan
- The Japan Festival in Britain 1991
- Investment Management and Broking: The Experiences of Two Old Hands
- Two Scientists in Japan
- Banking and Financial Services: A View from the Bank of England and Treasury
Author: Abraham, Jimmie; Hugh Cortazzi; Peter Dean; John Figgess; Gail Forrest; and Mike Forrest
Officers from all three services have done stints in post-war Japan as advisers during the Occupation years. Their tasks were to observe the demilitarization of Japan and then to develop contacts with the Self-Defense Forces, and more recently to promote defence sales from British manufacturers. Here a number of previous service attachés recount their experience in Japan.
Author: Thorne, Ben
Ben Thorne was closely involved in efforts to persuade British exporters to look at opportunities in Japan, organised the 1969 British Week in Tokyo, and then formed the Tokyo Export Marketing Centre in 1973. Here he reflects on UK-Japan Commercial relations from 1968 to '79.
Author: Dimond, Paul
This portrait is of the generations of individuals who built the structure for promoting British business in Japan in the early 1970s.
Author: Thorne, Ben
The British Week held in Tokyo from 26 September 1969 was a successful example of official efforts to promote British exports to the growing Japanese market in the 1960s. This portrait details and assesses the impact of the event.
Author: Huberman, Toni
This essay offer an account of Charles Holme's (1848-1923) career as an art collecter and connoisseur of Japanese art, as well as his founding of The Studio - the first international arts magazine.
Author: Mountfield, Robin
An overview of the negotiations preceding the establishment of a Nissan assembly plant in Washington, County Durham.
Author: Giffard, Sydney
Having completed his time as a language student, future Ambassador Sydney Giffard was sent to the Kansai to gain experience as a Vice-Consul. Here he describes life in Kansai in the 1950s, putting it in the context of progressive centralization in Tokyo.
Author: Hoare, James Edward
Ernest Cyril Comfort played a significant role in the post First World War Civil Aviation Mission to Japan. This essay provides an account of the mission and Comfort's role in aiding Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.
Author: Naish, John; Christopher Purvis; Edmund de Rothschild; and Hugh Trenchard
Key figures from the British merchant banking community in Japan reflect on the experience of doing business there, and on the changing market from the 1950s to '80s.
Author: Baker, Kenneth; Denis Healey; Julian Ridsdale; and Patrick Jenkin
Although few British politicians have had more than a cursory knowledge of Japan, large numbers of MPs have visited the country, and some have managed to achieve more than a passing acquaintance with it. The British Japan Parliamentary Group and the UK-Japan 2000 Group (later UK-Japan 21st Century Group) have been the driving force behind this. Here key figures from these organisations describe their dealings with Japan.
Author: Cortazzi, Hugh
This essay provides an account of Honda Sōichirō's (1906-1991) life, personality, and business relationship with Britain.
Author: Buckley, Roger
As the first British Ambassador to Japan after the War, Esler Dening (1897-1977) was the central figure in Anglo-Japanese relations at a time when British opinion was distinctly anti-Japanese.
Author: Nish, Ian
Although in his early years Admiral Katō Hiroharu (1870-1939) admired Britain, in his later career he understandably placed Japan's naval interests ahead of any residual affection for the country. This essay considers the early part of his career, during which he played a significant role in Anglo-Japanese naval cooperation.
Author: Gordon, Martin
Across Lord Eric Roll's (1907-2005) work as economist, investment banker and civil servant lie dealings with Japan. This essay provides an account and analysis of those dealings.
Author: Cortazzi, Hugh
Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013) played a significant role in promoting Japanese manufacturing investment in Britain and opening up the Japanese markets, and ensured that Britain was no longer seen as suffering from what the Japanese called eikokubyō (the English disease).
Author: Bates, Paul; Neville Fakes; and Michael Wingate
Royal Dutch Shell was one of the few 'British' companies (a majority of the company's expatriates were British) to train its staff in the Japanese language. Here Paul Bates, Neville Fakes and Michael Wingate recall their experiences with Shell from 1952 to '72, with a focus on the process of doing business in Japan at this time.
Author: Baker-Bates, Merrick
Merrick Baker-Bates was first a diplomatic service language student in Japan before becoming Commercial Counsellor. Having transferred to commerce for four years he subsequently returned to the diplomatic service as Consul General in LA. Here he describes his various lives in Japan, with particular reference to his time as a language student, the shift in emphasis in the 1960s to promoting British exports, and to his time as General Manager of Cornes and Company.
Author: Perry, Mike
Mike Perry headed Unilever's joint venture in Japan from 1981 to '83 and went on to lead various British campaigns to export to Japan. Here he describes his experiences in Japan in the early 1980s.
Author: Madeley, Christopher
Nissan has a long history of formal and informal relations with Britain, and this essay provides a history of these relations as well as their nature and establishment.
Author: Mountfield, Robin
This essay details the negotiations, subsequent investments, and business relationship between Nissan and Britain from 1980-84.
Author: Parker, Peter
The importance of attracting capital investment to Britain was increasingly recognised by British governments from the 1970s onwards. Businessman Peter Parker became closely involved with Japanese investment in Britain. Here he recounts his later experiences with Japan and considers the future.
Author: Hand, Peter
Banker Peter Hand reflects on the changed circumstances for British banks in Japan from the post war period to the 1980s.
Author: Large, Dick; Graham McCallum; Martyn Naylor; Ann Wilkinson; and David Wilkinson
One of the key service sectors for Britain in Japan was the airline industry, and until the late 1980s the main British company involved was British Airways. Here David Wilkinson, BA's manager in Japan from 1978 to '87 gives an account of his experience there, along with his wife, Ann Wilkinson's reflections. Following this, Martin Naylor recalls the important role played by the Japan British Society in the 1960s and '70s. During a forty-year career in Japan, Dick Large worked for John Swire & Sons (during which time he precided over Swire Japan's international shipping operations), Cathay Pacific and BA. Here he reflects on this period.
Author: Fraser, Duncan, and Lew Radbourne
Having first gone to Japan with the British Commonwealth Occupation Force, Lew Radbourne returned in 1949 as a junior expatriate with Dodwell and Company. Duncan Fraser first worked in Japan with Jardin Matheson and Company Limited and ended his service there as Direct of Royals Royce (Far East). Here both recall the early years of working and trading in Japan
Author: Hoashi Kōji
This portrait charts the career of Ron Duckenfield (1917-2010) throughout the Second World War, as a fighter pilot and as a prisoner-of-war under the Japanese, and subsequently as air attaché to the British Embassy in Tokyo.
Author: Jack, Stuart
This essay charts the way in which discriminatory taxes on Scotch Whisky were tackled and overcome during the 1980s.
Author: Buckley, Roger
Concerning Sir Esler Dening (1897-1977) as a main figure in Anglo-Japanese relations following the ending of the Pacific War, at a time when British opinion was anti-Japanese.
Author: Cortazzi, Hugh
Businessman Sir Peter Parker (1924-2002) made an outstanding contribution to Anglo-Japanese relations in the final decades of the twentieth century. This essay offers an account and analysis of his career and impact in relation to Japan.
Author: Campbell-White, Martin
The 1991 Japan Festival was a major celebration of Japanese culture across the UK, and marked the centenary of the Japan Society. The festival is covered in detail elsewhere, but this chapter records the efforts of Martin Campbell-White to involve both the Takarazuka Revue and sumo.
Author: Barr, Dugald, and Eric Elstob
Eric Elstob looks back on over thirty years in Japan in a career that started with the Foreign and Colonial Investment Trust. Meanwhile, Dugald Barr was recruited in 1969 by Vickers, da Costa, a company that was among the first to invest in the Tokyo market, to conduct research and open their Japan office, the first of a London broker in Japan. With Haruko Fukuda, he built up the largest business of any foreign broker in Japan. Here he racalls his experiences.
Author: Bradley, Clive, and Bill Williamson
Bill Williamson did two separate tours as Atomic Energy Attaché at the British Embassy. His account of working with the Japanese government in the commissioning of the first nuclear power stations in Japan is a reminder of an important and often over-looked facet of Anglo-Japan relations. Clive Bradley meanwhile was Counsellor for Science and Technology in the British Embassy in the 1980s where he was responsible for reporting on scientific and technological developments and for promoting British science and technology.
Author: Elston, Chris, and Geoffrey Littler
Before the 1970s there seemed to be little scope for British financial services in the closed Japanese market. Japanese membership of the OECD, however, forced gradual changes, along with internal pressure from Japanese companies wanting access to foreign loans. Here Chris Elston, who joined the British Embassy as Financial Counsellor in 1979 recalls his time as Bank of England representative in Japan, and reflects on both the state of Japan's banking system and general accounting practices in the years leading up to the crisis. Meanwhile, Geoffrey Little of HM Treasury gives an account of negotiations to ensure that Britain kept pace with American financial institutions in Japan.