- British Export Efforts: Personal Reflections of a British Trade Official
- The British Export Marketing Centre and the Promotion of British Exports from 1972
- British Training for Japanese Engineers: The Case of Kikuchi Kyōzō (1859-1942)
- British Week in Tokyo, 1969
- Chino Yoshitoki (1923-2004) and the Daiwa Anglo-Japanese Foundation
- Course of the Nissan Negotiation 1980-84
- Sydney Giffard: 'Early Days in the Kansai'
- Eikichi Itoh (1911-2012) and Rosa Hideko Itoh (1921-2005)
- Ernest Cyril Comfort: The Other British Aviation Mission and Mitsubishi 1921-24
- Experiences of Some British Merchant Bankers in Japan
- How Some Politicians Saw Post-war Japan
- Frank Guyver Britton (1879-1934), Engineer and Earthquake Hero
- Freemasonry in Japan
- Honda Sōichirō (1906-1991) and Honda Motors in Britain
- In Proper Perspective: Sir Esler Dening (1897-1977) and Anglo-Japanese Relations
- Kathleen Mary Drew Baker, British Botanist whose Studies Helped to Save the Japanese Nori Industry
- Kawakita Nagamasa (1903-1981) and Kawakita Kashiko (1908-1993): Film Ambassadors
- Kazuo Kikuta (1908-1973), Japanese Impresario and Lover of Charles Dickens: A Personal Memoir
- Lord (Eric) Roll of Ipsden (1907-2005), S.G. Warburg and Shirasu Jirō
- Louis Allen in Burma
- Malcolm Kennedy (1895-1935) and Japan
- Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013): Pragmatist Who Radically Improved Britain's Image in Japan and Successfully Promoted Japanese Manufacturing Investment in Britain
- Matsukata Kōjirō (1865-1950)
- British Businessmen in Japan: Some memories of the Shell Oil Company 1952-71
- Merrick Baker-Bates: From Diplomacy to Commerce and Back
- Mike Perry: Chairman of Unilever
- Morita Akio (1921-99), Sony and Britain
- Nissan and the British Motor Vehicle Industry (Prior to the Nissan Investment in the UK in 1984)
- Nissan Investment in Britain: History of a Negotiation 1980-84
- Peter Parker: Global Advisor to Mitsubishi Electric
- Banking and Financial Services: A British Commercial Banker in Japan 1980-1985
- British Businessmen in Japan: Some Service Sectors
- British Businessmen in Japan: Developing Trade Relations
- Scotch Whisky in Japan
- Shirasu Jirō (1902-1985): A Complicated and Enigmatic Personality
- Sir Esler Dening: Ambassador to Japan, 1951-57
- Sir Peter Parker (1924-2002) and Japan
- The Nippon Club, 1881-2014
- Toyota and Britain
- Investment Management and Broking: The Experiences of Two Old Hands
- Two Scientists in Japan
- Banking and Financial Services: A View from the Bank of England and Treasury
- Uyeno Yutaka (1915- )
- William Gowland (1842-1922), Pioneer of Japanese Archaeology
- Yamanaka Sadajirō (1866-1936)
Author: Thorne, Ben
Ben Thorne was closely involved in efforts to persuade British exporters to look at opportunities in Japan, organised the 1969 British Week in Tokyo, and then formed the Tokyo Export Marketing Centre in 1973. Here he reflects on UK-Japan Commercial relations from 1968 to '79.
Author: Dimond, Paul
This portrait is of the generations of individuals who built the structure for promoting British business in Japan in the early 1970s.
Author: Hunter, Janet
This chapter covers the development of technological education in early Meiji Japan, including a profile of the career of Kikuchi Kyōzō (1859-1942).
Author: Thorne, Ben
The British Week held in Tokyo from 26 September 1969 was a successful example of official efforts to promote British exports to the growing Japanese market in the 1960s. This portrait details and assesses the impact of the event.
Author: Clegg, Nick
This essay offers an account and analysis of the career of one of the most charismatic and forwardthinking leaders in the Japanese Securities Industry, Chino Yoshitoki's (1923-2004), along with his work with the Daiwa Anglo-Japanese Foundation.
Author: Mountfield, Robin
An overview of the negotiations preceding the establishment of a Nissan assembly plant in Washington, County Durham.
Author: Giffard, Sydney
Having completed his time as a language student, future Ambassador Sydney Giffard was sent to the Kansai to gain experience as a Vice-Consul. Here he describes life in Kansai in the 1950s, putting it in the context of progressive centralization in Tokyo.
Author: Itoh Keiko
Eikichi and Rosa Itoh carved out a niche in Anglo-Japanese relations that spanned the twentieth century. This portrait details their career and dealings with Britain.
Author: Hoare, James Edward
Ernest Cyril Comfort played a significant role in the post First World War Civil Aviation Mission to Japan. This essay provides an account of the mission and Comfort's role in aiding Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.
Author: Naish, John; Christopher Purvis; Edmund de Rothschild; and Hugh Trenchard
Key figures from the British merchant banking community in Japan reflect on the experience of doing business there, and on the changing market from the 1950s to '80s.
Author: Baker, Kenneth; Denis Healey; Julian Ridsdale; and Patrick Jenkin
Although few British politicians have had more than a cursory knowledge of Japan, large numbers of MPs have visited the country, and some have managed to achieve more than a passing acquaintance with it. The British Japan Parliamentary Group and the UK-Japan 2000 Group (later UK-Japan 21st Century Group) have been the driving force behind this. Here key figures from these organisations describe their dealings with Japan.
Author: Britton, Dorothy
This essay provides a thorough and tender account of Frank Britton's (1879-1934) life, relations with Japan, and his role in the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923.
Author: Chakmakjian, Pauline
This essay considers the history of freemasonry in Japan - its introduction and issues of compatibility with Japanese religious beliefs.
Author: Cortazzi, Hugh
This essay provides an account of Honda Sōichirō's (1906-1991) life, personality, and business relationship with Britain.
Author: Buckley, Roger
As the first British Ambassador to Japan after the War, Esler Dening (1897-1977) was the central figure in Anglo-Japanese relations at a time when British opinion was distinctly anti-Japanese.
Author: Baker, John R., and Biggs, Frances K.
The essay details the career of Botanist Kathleen Mary Drew Baker (1901-57), and how her studies helped to save the Japanese Nori industry.
Author: Daniels, Gordon
Kawakita Nagamasa (1903-1981) and his wife Kawakita Kashiko (1908-1993) drove Anglo-Japanese cinematic exchange in the mid to late 20th century, ensuring that high-quality British and Japanese films found new audiences.
Author: Albery, Nobuko
This portrait provides an insight into the role of writer, director and impressario Kazuo Kikuta (1908-1973) in the Japanese commercial theatre industry, to which he introduced numerous West End and Broadway shows.
Author: Gordon, Martin
Across Lord Eric Roll's (1907-2005) work as economist, investment banker and civil servant lie dealings with Japan. This essay provides an account and analysis of those dealings.
Author: Allen, Louis
Louis Allen studied Japanese at SOAS during the war, and worked in Burma as a translator and interrogator. Here he describes his experiences of that time, as well as a remarkable reunion twenty years later.
Author: Pardoe, Jon
This chapter details Malcolm Kennedy's (1895-1935) time in Japan as an army officer sent to study Japanese while attached to a Japanese army unit, his subsequent work at Shell Oil, and his stance as an apologist in the build up to the Second World War.
Author: Cortazzi, Hugh
Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013) played a significant role in promoting Japanese manufacturing investment in Britain and opening up the Japanese markets, and ensured that Britain was no longer seen as suffering from what the Japanese called eikokubyō (the English disease).
Author: Horner, Libby
Matsukata Kōjirō (1865-1950) was a successful and innovative industrialist, but this portrait details his time in London, his career as an art collector and the establishment of the first museum of Western art in Japan.
Author: Bates, Paul; Neville Fakes; and Michael Wingate
Royal Dutch Shell was one of the few 'British' companies (a majority of the company's expatriates were British) to train its staff in the Japanese language. Here Paul Bates, Neville Fakes and Michael Wingate recall their experiences with Shell from 1952 to '72, with a focus on the process of doing business in Japan at this time.
Author: Baker-Bates, Merrick
Merrick Baker-Bates was first a diplomatic service language student in Japan before becoming Commercial Counsellor. Having transferred to commerce for four years he subsequently returned to the diplomatic service as Consul General in LA. Here he describes his various lives in Japan, with particular reference to his time as a language student, the shift in emphasis in the 1960s to promoting British exports, and to his time as General Manager of Cornes and Company.
Author: Perry, Mike
Mike Perry headed Unilever's joint venture in Japan from 1981 to '83 and went on to lead various British campaigns to export to Japan. Here he describes his experiences in Japan in the early 1980s.
Author: Cortazzi, Hugh
Morita Akio (1921-99) was one of the main driving forces behind the Sony Corporation. This essay details his career, personality, and business philosophy, as well as his relationship with Britain.
Author: Madeley, Christopher
Nissan has a long history of formal and informal relations with Britain, and this essay provides a history of these relations as well as their nature and establishment.
Author: Mountfield, Robin
This essay details the negotiations, subsequent investments, and business relationship between Nissan and Britain from 1980-84.
Author: Parker, Peter
The importance of attracting capital investment to Britain was increasingly recognised by British governments from the 1970s onwards. Businessman Peter Parker became closely involved with Japanese investment in Britain. Here he recounts his later experiences with Japan and considers the future.
Author: Hand, Peter
Banker Peter Hand reflects on the changed circumstances for British banks in Japan from the post war period to the 1980s.
Author: Large, Dick; Graham McCallum; Martyn Naylor; Ann Wilkinson; and David Wilkinson
One of the key service sectors for Britain in Japan was the airline industry, and until the late 1980s the main British company involved was British Airways. Here David Wilkinson, BA's manager in Japan from 1978 to '87 gives an account of his experience there, along with his wife, Ann Wilkinson's reflections. Following this, Martin Naylor recalls the important role played by the Japan British Society in the 1960s and '70s. During a forty-year career in Japan, Dick Large worked for John Swire & Sons (during which time he precided over Swire Japan's international shipping operations), Cathay Pacific and BA. Here he reflects on this period.
Author: Fraser, Duncan, and Lew Radbourne
Having first gone to Japan with the British Commonwealth Occupation Force, Lew Radbourne returned in 1949 as a junior expatriate with Dodwell and Company. Duncan Fraser first worked in Japan with Jardin Matheson and Company Limited and ended his service there as Direct of Royals Royce (Far East). Here both recall the early years of working and trading in Japan
Author: Jack, Stuart
This essay charts the way in which discriminatory taxes on Scotch Whisky were tackled and overcome during the 1980s.
Author: Tokumoto Eiichiro
This portrait charts the life and influence of the complicated and enigmatic Shirasu Jirō (1902-1985), described here as 'a symbol of his time' having lived through some of the best and worst episodes of Anglo-Japanese relations. During his life, he was a student at Cambridge, journalist, businessman, farmer and a crucial link between the Japanese government and the office of the Supreme Commander Allied Powers.
Author: Buckley, Roger
Concerning Sir Esler Dening (1897-1977) as a main figure in Anglo-Japanese relations following the ending of the Pacific War, at a time when British opinion was anti-Japanese.
Author: Cortazzi, Hugh
Businessman Sir Peter Parker (1924-2002) made an outstanding contribution to Anglo-Japanese relations in the final decades of the twentieth century. This essay offers an account and analysis of his career and impact in relation to Japan.
Author: Kato Setsuo
One of the oldest Japanese institutions in London, the Nippon club traces it origins back to 1881 when groups of Japanese gathered monthly in the Strand. This portrait details its establishment and development.
Author: Toyoda Shōichirō
Toyoda Shōichirō offers his memoir of the Toyota Motor Company's establishment, growth, and subsequent association with Britain.
Author: Barr, Dugald, and Eric Elstob
Eric Elstob looks back on over thirty years in Japan in a career that started with the Foreign and Colonial Investment Trust. Meanwhile, Dugald Barr was recruited in 1969 by Vickers, da Costa, a company that was among the first to invest in the Tokyo market, to conduct research and open their Japan office, the first of a London broker in Japan. With Haruko Fukuda, he built up the largest business of any foreign broker in Japan. Here he racalls his experiences.
Author: Bradley, Clive, and Bill Williamson
Bill Williamson did two separate tours as Atomic Energy Attaché at the British Embassy. His account of working with the Japanese government in the commissioning of the first nuclear power stations in Japan is a reminder of an important and often over-looked facet of Anglo-Japan relations. Clive Bradley meanwhile was Counsellor for Science and Technology in the British Embassy in the 1980s where he was responsible for reporting on scientific and technological developments and for promoting British science and technology.
Author: Elston, Chris, and Geoffrey Littler
Before the 1970s there seemed to be little scope for British financial services in the closed Japanese market. Japanese membership of the OECD, however, forced gradual changes, along with internal pressure from Japanese companies wanting access to foreign loans. Here Chris Elston, who joined the British Embassy as Financial Counsellor in 1979 recalls his time as Bank of England representative in Japan, and reflects on both the state of Japan's banking system and general accounting practices in the years leading up to the crisis. Meanwhile, Geoffrey Little of HM Treasury gives an account of negotiations to ensure that Britain kept pace with American financial institutions in Japan.
Author: Yamagata-Footman Yuko
This essay details Uyeno Yutaka's (1915- ) family, personal, and business history specifically as it relates to interactions with Britain in the pertrochemical industry.
Author: Kaner, Simon
William Gowland (1842-1922) is arguably one of the most important figures in Japanese Archaeology. This essay details his wider career and dealings with Japan's ancient archaeological sites.
Author: Monden, Sonoko
Although Yamanaka and Company, run by Yamanaka Sadajirō (1866-1936), was only active in London for half a century, it served as a bridge between Japan and British communities, and contributed to the collecting and study of Japanese art in Britan.