Translation and translators
- A Disorderly Upside-down Affair (Tokyo December 1941)
- Albert Sydney Hornby (1898-1978)
- An Amused Guest in all: Basil Hall Chamberlain (1850-1935)
- Arthur Waley (1899- 1966): Poet and Translator
- Beatrix Potter (1866-1943)
- British Bible Societies and the Translation of the Bible into Japanese in the Nineteenth Century
- Carmen Blacker (1924-2009) and the Study of Japanese Religion
- Charles Alfred Fisher (1916-1982)
- Charles Dunn (1915-1995)
- Fukuzawa Yukichi (1835-1901): The Finances of a Japanese Modernizer
- Grace James (1882-1965) and Mrs. T.H. (Kate) James (1845-1928): Writers of Children's Stories
- Haiku in the British Isles: A Tale of Acceptance and Non-Acceptance
- Hayashi Tadasu (1850- 1913)
- Hayashi, Tadasu, 1850-1913: Working for the Alliance [London, 1900-06]
- Honma Hisao (1886-1981): Expert on Oscar Wilde
- Ian Nish: Early Experiences in the British Commonwealth Occupation Force in Japan
- Ichikawa Sanki (1886-1970): Expert in English Philology and Literature
- Ivan Morris, 1925-77
- James Kirkup (1918-2009)
- Joseph Henry Longford (1849-1925), Consul and Scholar
- Kenneth Gardner (1924-95): Librarian and Bibliographer
- Return of a Native: Lady Dorothy Britton Bouchier
- Lew Radbourne on Occupied Japan
- Lieutenant-Colonel Everard Ferguson Calthrop (1876-1915)
- Louis Allen (1922-91) and Japan
- Louis Allen in Burma
- Major-General F.S.G. Piggott (1883-1966)
- Nakamura Masanao (Keiu), 1832-91: translator into Japanese of Samuel Smiles' Self-Help
- P.G. O'Neill (1924-2012)
- Paul Bates: Occupied Japan
- W.G. Beasley: Extracts from Personal reminiscences of the early months of the Occupation: Yokosuka and Tokyo, September 1945-March 1946
- Ralph Hodgson, 1871-1962: Poet and Artist
- Satiō Takeshi (1887-1982)
- Sir George Sansom (1883-1965): Historian and Diplomat
- Sir George Sansom: Pre-eminent Diplomat and Historian
- The Impact in Britain of Japan's Post-war Novelists
- Three Great Japanese Translators of Shakespeare
- Tsubouchi Shōyō (1859-1935): Sherbourne and Japan- An Episode in Cross-Cultural Relations
- Two Piggotts: Sir Francis Taylor Piggott (1852-1925) and Major General F.S.G. Piggott (1883- 1966)
- William Gerard Beasley (1919-2006) and the study of Japanese History
- Yanada Senji (1906-1972): Teacher of Japanese at SOAS
- Yoshida Ken'ichi (1912-77), Anglophile Novelist, Essayist, Literary Critic, Translator and Man of Letters
Author: Busk, Douglas
This fascinating first-hand account of the impact of the declaration of war by Japan upon Britain in 1941 provides reflections upon the diplomatic and personal situaions of the staff engaged in Anglo-Japanese relations at the time.
Author: Snowden, Paul
The Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary had its origins as a pioneer project by British English teachers in Japan. This portrait considers the Japan career of its first editor A.S. Hornby (1898-1978) and his significant contribution to language learning.
Author: Bowring, Richard
Basil Hall Chamberlain (1850-1935) was a writer and prominent Japanologist, inspiring a generation of influential students. In this chapter, his life and career are assessed.
Author: Harries, Phillip
This chapter details Arthur Waley's (1899-1966) career as one of the great translators of Japanese literary works and as an inspiration to generations of Japan scholars.
Author: Wallace, George
This essay charts the success and popularity of Beatrix Potter's (1866-1943) Peter Rabbit children's books in Japan, detailing their reception and translation.
Author: Ion, Hamish
The aim of the British Bible Societies was to encourage the circulation of the Bible in as many languages as possible. This essay details the translation efforts in Japan of both the New and Old Testaments in the late 19th century.
Author: Kornicki, Peter
Carmen Blacker (1924-2009) became one of Britain's most original and perceptive scholars of Japan, and this account charts the development of her love for the country and the impact this had upon her choice and pursuit of a career in academia.
Author: Daniels, Gordon
Charles Alfred Fisher (1916-82) was an ex-prisoner of war, who played a significant, if forgotten role, in the rise of Japanese Studies.
Author: Cortazzi, Hugh
Charles Dunn (1915-1995) was one of the scholars responsible for the expansion of Japanese studies after the Second World War. This essay details his career as a scholar and dealings with the Japanese language.
Author: Tamaki Norio
A writer, journalist and businessman, Fukuzawa Yukichi (1835-1901) made a significant contribution to Meiji Japan, and a personal fortune in the process.
Author: Koyama Noboru
Mrs T.H. (Kate) James (1845-1928) and Grace James (1882-1965) contributed significantly to the popularisation of Japanese fairy stories in the English language and to the British understanding of Japanese culture. This essay details their lives and interactions with the fairy tales and folklore of Japan.
Author: Cobb, David
This portrait charts the varied history of the acceptance and adoption of the Japanese poetic form Haiku into British culture.
Author: Nish, Ian
Profiling the involvement of Hayashi Tadasu (1850-1913) in the formation of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance as well as looking more broadly at his political appointments, from secretary to the Iwakura Mission to promotion to the London legation. This article also details Hayashi's scholarly achievements as a writer and translator.
Author: Nish, Ian
Profiling the involvement of Hayashi Tadasu (1850-1913) in his political appointments from secretary to the Iwakura Mission to promotion to the London legation. This article also details Hayashi's scholarly achievements as a writer and translator.
Author: Hirata Yoko
This essay charts the literary and translation efforts of Honma Hisao (1886-1981), particularly in regard to Oscar Wilde; how he looked outward at English literature, inward at Meiji era literature and then combined the two in the comparative study of world literature.
Author: Nish, Ian
Ian Nish, later Professor at SOAS, gives an account of his work in the Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre, where he translated contemporary newspapers, along with documents from during the war, and was later involved in the first post-war elections.
Author: Saito Yoshifumi
Grammarist Ichikawa Sanki (1886-1970) made a significant contribution to the development of English philology in Japan. This essay examines the interaction between Britain and Sanki throughout his scholarly career.
Author: Albery, Nobuko
This portrait offers an intimate account of the life of the remarkably private Ivan Morris (1925-77) - scholar, teacher, writer and translator.
Author: Burleigh, David
This essay considers James Kirkup's (1918-2009) poetical encounter with Japan, in particular his fifty-year engagement with haiku.
Author: Ruxton, Ian
This essay provides an account of the life and career of Joseph Longford (1849-1925), one of the forgotten scholars of the Japan service.
Author: Brown, Yu-Ying
Kenneth Gardner (1924-95) held senior posts in the British Museum and British Library, and was instrumental in these posts in promoting Japanese culture and Anglo-Japanese relations. This essay charts his career and significance within his field and beyond, including his war service as part of Translators V.
Author: Britton, Dorothy
Dorothy Britton was born in Japan before the war and returned there during the Occupation. This chapter gives an account of her life as a bridge between Japanese and English cultures.
Author: Radbourne, Lew
Lew Radbourne was a member of the British Commonwealth Occupation Force, attached to the Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre. In this chapter he describes being sent to Japan in 1947 after studying at SOAS.
Author: Dobson, Sebastian
The death of Everard Calthrop (1876-1915) on the Western Front on 19 December 1915 cut short a career which had already done much to increase mutual awareness between the British and Japanese armies since 1902. This essay charts the human impact of the First World War on Anglo-Japanese reltions.
Author: Purvis, Phillida
This portrait details the life and career of scholar Louis Allen (1922-91), especially his wartime service and postwar reconciliation efforts.
Author: Allen, Louis
Louis Allen studied Japanese at SOAS during the war, and worked in Burma as a translator and interrogator. Here he describes his experiences of that time, as well as a remarkable reunion twenty years later.
Author: Best, Antony
This essay details the miltary and diplomatic career of Major-General F.S.G. Piggott (1883-1966), whose efforts to secure peace and improve relations between Japan and Britain were fatally clouded by an uncritical love for Japan. Following the Pacific War he devoted his life to the restoration of Anglo-Japanese friendship.
Author: Ohta Akiko
This portrait details the significance of Nakamura Masanao's (1832-91) encounter with Victorian Britain and his subsequent translation into Japanese of Samuel Smiles' Self Help.
Author: Purvis, Phillida
This portrait details the scholarly career of P.G. O'Neill (1924-2012), his study of the Japanese language, Japanese festivals and Nō theatre.
Author: Bates, Paul
Paul Bates, who studied at SOAS before spending time with the British Commonwealth Occupation Force, sums up his time in the Occupation.
Author: Beasley, William Gerard
William Gerard Beasley, subsequently a professor at SOAS, arrived in Japan in 1945 with the Americans. This chapter comprises extracts from a talk given on his experiences of the flurry of activity in the early occupation, particularly with regard to demilitarization and early post-war economics.
Author: Hatcher, John
Deeply attached to English life as he was, the poet Ralph Hodgson (1871-1962) uprooted himself and spent twelve years in Japan. This essay considers his profound love for England twinned with a truly internationally-minded outlook.
Author: Yamanouchi Hisaaki
Saitō Takeshi (1887-1982) contributed significantly to the development of English Studies in Japan, as well as inspiring the field of 'British [Cultural] Studies', and this portrait outlines his impact on academia in Japan.
Author: Daniels, Gordon
This profile considers equally Sir George Sansom's (1883-1965) career as a diplomat, in which he pioneered the serious study of the Japanese economy, and historian.
Author: Daniels, Gordon
This profile considers equally Sir George Sansom's (1883-1965) career as a diplomat, scholar and historian.
Author: Giffard, Sydney
Taking several influential Japanese authors whose works have been translated into English, this portrait assesses their individual impact in Britain and an offers an overview of their qualities.
Author: Milward, Peter
This portrait considers the contribution of Japanese translators of Shakespeare (Fukuda Tsuneari, Odajima Yushi and Anzai Tetsuo) to its appreciation in Japan, and to Shakespearian scholarship in Japan and beyond.
Author: Powell, Brian
This chapter considers the career of Tsubouchi Shōyō (1859-1935) as a pre-eminent scholar and translator of Shakespeare, focussing on his connections to the town of Sherbourne, Dorset.
Author: Blacker, Carmen
In this chapter, the lives of Sir Francis Taylor Piggott (1852-1925) and his son F.S.G. Piggott (1883-1966) are detailed in their relation to Japan and involvement with the Japan Society of London. Sir Francis was one of the founders of the Society, and his son was the guiding energy behind its post-war revival.
Author: Nish, Ian
William Beasley (1919-2006) was a pioneer in introducing Japanese history into British academic circles as a teacher, researcher and author. This essay recounts his career in academia.
Author: Oba Sadao, and Anne Kaneko
Yanada Senji (1906-1972) played a key role in the wartime training of translators and interrogators at SOAS. This portait details his academic career and the deep personal struggles associated with providing key assistance to the war effort against his homeland.
Author: Norimasa Morita
Yoshida Ken'ichi, bunshi, writer, and essayist devoted his entire life to literature (1912-77). This essay details his interaction with English literature and culture and his writing career, both in Japan and Britain.