Horse Racing (see also 'Sports')
- 'Competitors with the English sporting men.' Civilization, Enlightenment and Horse Racing: Anglo-Japanese Relations, 1860-2010
Author: Buckley, Roger
The British connection was critical to the development of Western-style horse racing in Japan from the 1860s onwards; what began as little more than an amateurish diversion for the expatriate communities of the treaty ports has evolved into a vast multi-billion Yen enterprise.